There are believed to be two kinds of wolves: Greys and Reds. Their scientific names are Canus lupus and Canus rufus. Grey wolves come in a variety of “flavors,” such as timber, artic, buffalo, tundra, and Mexican and “colors,” such as gray, brown, tan, and black. They are found throughout the world. But, Red Wolves are “pure” and are found only in North America.

Red wolves, like all Canus species, are smart animals that live in social packs.

Quick facts about the redwolf

(adapted from Silverstein 1994):

Length -- About 41 inches (104 cm) long plus a 14-inch (35.5 cm) tail. Height – about 25 inches (63.5 cm)
40-70 lbs (18-32 Kg)
Typically tan or cinnamon-brown, streaked with black; some coats have a gold or reddish tint; some are all gray or black.
Small animals, such as raccoons, rabbits, squirrels, muskrats, rats, fish, small deer, and insects and plant material.
They mate for life; they breed in February or March of their second year; after 63 days a litter of 2-6 pups is born.
Care for young
The mother leaves pups only to drink; the male brings her food; both parents peek an eye on their young.
Southern part of United States; now restricted to managed wild colonies in North Carolina refuges and breeding centers such as Tacoma, Washington
Population size
About 250 (1994)
Social behavior
Sociable animals that live in family groups of parents, children, and close relatives; they work together as a team to raise the pups, hunt food, and defend each other against enemies.
Life span
10 to 15 years or more in captivity; only about 6 years in the wild.